Improve your English: transition words

chain - transitional words and phrases

transition (noun) passage from one state, stage, subject, or place to another (Merriam-Webster Dictionary)

From Latin transire ‘go across’ or ‘pass over’.


Whatever your goal or purpose for your writing – whether it’s to explain, inform, entertain or persuade – you need to express yourself fluently, and you need to present your readers with a cohesive text that carries them easily from idea to idea, and from beginning to end.

Transitions (or linking words) are the important words and phrases that will make your writing flow. They link your sentences and paragraphs and connect your ideas, and they help you build logical and coherent arguments by pointing your reader towards each successive stage of your argument.

With transition words, your reader is guided smoothly through your text. But without them, your writing is a series of unconnected sentences or statements.

Different transitions do different things. For example, they can be used to add information, illustrate points and give examples; and also to give reasons, list ideas, and show similarity and contrast.

Examples of transitions


Adding information



Equally important


In addition (to)


Not only….. but also…



Giving examples or illustrating a point


For example

For instance

In other words

In particular


Such as


Listing ideas




The following

The first point

The second point


To show contrasting ideas

From a BBC News Magazine article July 2013

From a BBC News Magazine article July 2013


At the same time



Even so

Even though


In contrast (to)



On one hand

On the other hand

On the contrary



While this maybe the case

While this may be true


Yet (And yet)


Noam Cohen on Dr Who in the New York Observer 25/8/14

Noam Cohen on Dr Who in the New York Observer 25/8/14

To show similarity

By the same token


In the same way




To show concession



At any rate

But even so

Despite the fact that

Despite this

Even so

Even though

Regardless of this

While it may be true


To show a result or to note consequences



As a result




Due to




Summarising or concluding

As a final point,


In brief,

In conclusion,

In short,

To conclude,

To summarise,



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Angela Boothroyd

Angela Boothroyd

English language teacher at Botanical Linguist
Hi, I'm Angela, the Botanical Linguist, and I show learners of English how to become successful and self-directed or independent language learners. If you want to improve your English accuracy and fluency and learn everyday strategies and activities that will help you learn English without spending a lot of money on lessons, subscribe to my free newsletter here.
Angela Boothroyd
Angela Boothroyd
Angela Boothroyd

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  1. This is a great list of transitional words and phrases Angela, thanks for sharing them :), in fact I have a special use for them ๐Ÿ™‚
    Sarah Arrows recently posted..21 steps to a killer sales letterMy Profile

  2. Brilliant post Angela! Transition words are often the weak link in people’s writing and I love the way you have categorized them for handy reference.
    Botany and English – interesting!
    Dave from recently posted..How Well Do You Think You Know Grammar?My Profile

    • Thank you, Dave ๐Ÿ™‚

      Yes, Botany and learning English isn’t perhaps the most obvious combination! ๐Ÿ™‚ but it all fits with the metaphor of growth, and I love that about it.

  3. Fantastic post Angela, thank you for sharing with us. Will share this as well for you.
    Sue Fleckenstein recently posted..Klout SuperHero PLR PackMy Profile

  4. I really like your list of transitional words, Angela!
    One issue I run into when writing is finding a wider range of like words to express the connection so I can avoid using the same ones over and over. This article gave me more word ideas to use for those transitions… thanks ๐Ÿ™‚
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  5. Gosh, where would we be without these transition words, we wouldn’t be able to think logically and in a flowing, structured way. Seeing the words in a list like this makes me realise how much I use them.
    Judy recently posted..What do you miss?My Profile

    • Hi, Judy

      Yes, they’re very useful expressions indeed. Most of the time we use them without thinking about it, but they’re so important for getting our meaning across that it’s worth using them more in a more planned or structured way when the need arises.

  6. Loving this list Angela, thanks so much for sharing. Really making me think how to improve my writing I can feel a few blog post adjustments coming on.

  7. This is a great collection of alternative ways to express oneself. It is so easy to use the same phrases. It is a great idea to wider the focus and mix it up a little with terms or phrases that don’t get used as often.

    Thank you ๐Ÿ™‚
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  8. What a perfect timing Angela! Thank you so much, I just printed your list out as I’ve switched my blogging from French to English in May (both languages are not my mother tongue) – and this is sooo valuable as we’re publishing daily now :).

    You made my day – and I love flowers above all – the ‘Botanical Linguist’ very much resonates with me.

    Happy day! Patricia x
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    • Thank you, Patricia! I’m really glad to hear it’s useful. How great to be blogging in both French and English – especially as neither are your mother tongue – wonderful ๐Ÿ™‚

      Thank you very much for your kind words about Botanical Linguist, too ๐Ÿ™‚

  9. Thank you Angela – this is a really useful list. It’s so important to keep content fresh and to avoid repetition.

  10. I have bookmarked this! so very helpful. I struggle especially while using contrasting ideas, not any more. Thank you!
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  11. These are “admittedly” really, really great. ๐Ÿ™‚ Thanks for such a helpful list.
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  12. Thank you Sarah,
    This is an awesome list and I am already finding them useful.

  13. Thank you Sarah this is really helpful stuff.

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